The presidential elections in the US

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Written by my son who lives in the USA.

The presidential election in the US was a sealed book for me. In the meantime, with all the hustle and bustle around the election and especially about Donald Trump, I got on quite well with the system. For me, it was hard at first to understand why members of the same party are trying to confront each other on television. With this post I want to explain in a simple way how the presidential elections in the US work.

The people choose the president only indirectly

Each state provides a certain number of delegates. In July of this year, Cleveland Republican delegates and Democrats in Philadelphia will meet and nominate their respective presidential candidates. It should be noted that each state can decide for itself how to distribute these delegates to the winners of state elections. If you are interested in the results of the presidential election in the US, here are the results of the primaries.

Republicans - an example:

The presidential elections in the US are in full swing. Recently in Missouri, Donald Trump defeated 40.9 percent of the vote and Ted Cruz won 40.7 percent of the vote. John Kasich had 9.9 percent of the vote. However, as mentioned earlier, the people's votes for the candidates simply decide how many delegates each candidate will win. There were 52 delegates in Missouri and with 0.2 percent ahead of Ted Cruz, Donald Trump won 37 delegates, Ted Cruz got 15 and John Kasich went home empty-handed. However, as already mentioned, the distribution of the delegates to the winners of the primary elections is the responsibility of the respective state and is (partly) legally regulated by the latter together with the DNC (Democratic National Committee) and RNC (Republican National Committee). In the Ohio election, John Kasich won 46.8 percent of the vote, followed by Donald Trump with 35.6 percent. In Ohio, however, the winner automatically receives all delegates. For this reason, John Kasich got here all 66 delegates and Donald Trump was second empty. However, these electoral results only concerned the Republican candidates. The choice of delegates on the Democratic side is again subject to the rules of the Democratic side.

Democrats - using the example of Ohio:

In total, there were 143 Democratic delegates to win in Ohio. Hillary Clinton won the election there with 56.5% of the vote ahead of Bernie Sanders with 42.7 percent of the vote. Clinton got 81 delegates and Sanders 62 here. As you can see, the elections on the Democratic side, in contrast to the Republicans, are also really democratic because each candidate gets exactly as many delegates as the percentage of his votes. For the Democrats, this method of electing delegates is the same in all states. So Clinton won 49.6% of the electorate in Missouri and got 36 out of a total of 71 delegates. Bernie Sanders had 49.4 percent of the vote and got 35 delegates.

But the presidential elections in the US go even further

From 25 to 28 July 2016, all 4,764 Democrat delegates will meet in Philadelphia and elect their presidential candidate. The 2447 delegates of the Republicans will meet from 18 to 21 July 2016 and vote in Cleveland for the presidential candidate of the Republicans. The winner on both sides must win the majority of the votes. It should be noted that almost every delegate elected was elected by his election with his vote tied to a presidential candidate (pledged). Thus, for example, one of the delegates who won Trump in Ohio, did not suddenly vote for Ted Cruz at the convention in Cleveland. On both sides, however, a certain percentage of the delegates are not conspired and can choose who they want (super delegates and RNC member delegates).

But the presidential elections in the US are not over yet

After the Republicans and the Democrats send their two final candidates against each other in the race, on November 8, 2016, the President of the United States is elected. But here, too, the people do not choose the candidate directly but choose so-called electoral men, who in turn are each assigned to a candidate. If one of the candidates then wins the respective presidential election in a state, he automatically wins the election men of his opponent. Who in the end has the most electoral men becomes the President of the United States of America. As you can see, the presidential elections in the US are really complicated. This article is a small overview of the US electoral system. It would be a good idea to fill a book about the US electoral system if you would look at all the details.

What do you think about the election system and presidential elections in the US? I am looking forward to your comments!

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